5 Steps to Get a Land Title for Property with Tax Declaration Only
The Original Certificate of Title (OCT) proves the ownership of a land, house-and-lot, or townhouse. The same goes for the Transfer Certificate of Title and Condominium Certificate of Title. But what if the property you plan to buy has a Tax Declaration only? How do you guarantee the ownership of the property? It's also ideal to get a title to ensure buyers you're legally entitled to sell a property that only has a Tax Declaration.
Now, the question is, how do you get an Original Certificate of Title if the property only has a Tax Declaration? Keep reading as we share the five (5) steps to transfer Tax Declaration to Land Title.
Step 1: Visit DENR.
Whether buying or transferring a property with a Tax Declaration only, you should first visit the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Once at the DENR, look for the Community Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO) or the Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office (PENRO). Submit your requirements, such as the Tax Declaration, in any of these offices. This document is solid evidence that proves you're occupying or residing at the property you’re titling.
However, there are qualifications you should meet for titling property with a Tax Declaration. For instance, you should reside at the said property for at least ten (10) years, except if you're a Filipino citizen. You can also secure the required forms from the DENR, including the Residential Free Patent Form and Affidavit of two (2) Disinterested Persons. After filling out the forms, ensure to get it notarized. In addition, get other certificates you'll need from the DENR, such as the Lot Status Certificate.
This certificate determines if the property you're requesting for titling has no existing title under other people's names and technical descriptions. The DENR also issues an A&D Certificate (Alienable and Disposable), which ensures the property is not a protected land. Also, DENR will give a complete list of requirements you should secure from other government agencies.
Step 2: Get the Transmittal Form/Order of Award.
After submitting the documentary requirements, proceed to the next step, obtaining the Transmittal Form or Order of Award from the DENR Regional Office. The Transmittal Form contains your name and indicates an approved request. But before that, DENR will visit your property to conduct an investigation and inspection, ensuring you’re occupying the property for over ten (10) years. During the inspection, DENR will take pictures and question your neighbors.
Aside from the inspection, DENR will go to the Barangay Hall to disseminate information. They will post a notice of your application regarding the titling of property to inform the entire Barangay. So, in case someone is claiming the property, they have an opportunity to tell their side.
Step 3: Go to the Registry of Deeds (RD).
When you visit the Registry of Deeds, bring the Transmittal Form from the DENR Regional Office. Also, don't forget the copy of your Tax Declaration. Then, they will advise you when to return to claim the property title.
Step 4: Claim the Original Certificate of Title (OCT) at RD.
Return to RD to claim the Original Certificate of Title (OCT). This document is the first title issued on a property. Therefore, you’re the first person to receive the title of that property.
Step 5: Head to the Assessor’s Office.
Once you receive the property title, proceed to the Assessor's Office to update the Tax Declaration. The Assessor's Office will update their records that the previous Tax Declaration has a title. Now, you've successfully obtained an Original Certificate of Title (OCT), proving ownership of your property.